King Solomon’s Star at Ali Baba.
A ring of bone surrounding the eye in many species of birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians.
Skulls: An Exploration of Alan Dudley’s Curious Collection by Simon Winchester, 2012.
Some Tolkien fans have suggested that the creature named “Gollum” in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings derives its name from the word golem. Gollum seems to be a slave to the magical ring in the same way that the golems of Jewish myth were slaves to their creators.
Sex, Drugs, Einstein, and Elves by Clifford A. Pickover, 2005.
Any person who is hard to understand, or who speaks in riddles is called a “sphinx.” Since a person is sometimes hardest to understand when he doesn’t speak at all, “sphinx” has come to be applied particularly to people who speak very little. This fits in with the Greek derivation, which is from a word meaning “to bind tight.” A ring of muscle which can close an opening tightly, such as the muscle which is used to purse the lips, is called a “sphincter.”
Words from the Myths by Isaac Asimov, 1969.
The Antiquity of Proverbs by Dwight Edwards Marvin, 1922.